Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Five percent to 10 percent of young women have a hormonal disorder called polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Women with PCOS often have insulin resistance (the body does not use insulin well), resulting in too much insulin in the body. Excess insulin has been related to an increase in production of androgen, a male hormone made in fat cells, ovaries and adrenal glands.
PCOS tends to run in families, but the exact cause is not known.
• Infrequent menstrual periods, no menstrual periods and/or irregular bleeding
• Infertility because of lack of ovulation
• Increased hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, back, thumbs or toes
• Acne, oily skin and dandruff
• Weight gain, especially around the mid-section
• Insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes
• High cholesterol and/or blood pressure
• Thinning hair on head
• Pelvic pain